Lansing Community College

Basic format (Author-Date Style)

In addition to having a references list at the end of your paper, you must give credit to sources that you use within your paper. Usually the author's last name and publication date are enough for the reader to identify the complete reference in the references list. See the examples below for variations of this general rule.

Author's name in text

If you cite the author's name in your paper, cite only the publication year in parentheses after the author's name.

Example

Smith has compared these authors (203-05).

Works Cited

Smith, Patrick A. Tim O'Brien: A Critical Companion. Greenwood P, 2005.

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Author's name in reference

If you do not cite the author's name in your paper, then include both the author's last name and page numbers in parentheses at the end of the sentence.

Example

These authors have been compared elsewhere (Smith 203-05).

Works Cited

Smith, Patrick A. Tim O'Brien: A Critical Companion. Greenwood P, 2005.

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No author listed (cite by title)

When there is no author listed for a work, include the first few words of the title followed by the page numbers, if available, in parentheses at the end of the sentence. Italicize longer works, such as book titles, plays, or entire websites. Put shorter works in quotation marks.

Example

Although NBC will not air liquor ads until after 9 p.m. to reduce impact on young viewers, the American Medical Association believes this advertising will affect young people ("Liquor Advertising").

Works Cited

"Liquor Advertising Gag is Hard to Swallow." National Post, 19 Dec. 2001, p. A17. ProQuest Central, https://search-proquest.com.lcc.idm.oclc.org/docview/329783841?accountid=1599. Accessed 25 Aug. 2017.

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Citing part of a work (with & without page numbers)

Research databases provide access to articles in two different formats:

  • PDF is an exact copy of the article as it appears in the magazine or journal and includes page numbers
  • HTML is the format for online reading and does not include page numbers

If available, use the PDF version because it includes page numbers.

Page numbers

When you quote or paraphrase a specific part of a print or online source with page numbers, give the relevant page numbers in parentheses at the end of the sentence.

Example

Brown wrote, "Time management is an important survival skill" (27).

Works Cited

Brown, D. C. (2003). "No Time for Time Management? Behavioral Agencies have Several Options for Improving Staff Efficiency." Behavioral Healthcare Tomorrow, vol. 12, no. 6, 2003, p. 27-30. General OneFile, link.galegroup.com.lcc.idm.oclc.org/apps/doc/A111934133/AONE?u=lom_lansingcc&sid=AONE&xid=76a2677a.

without Page Numbers

When you quote or paraphrase a specific passage in an online source without page numbers, no page numbers are needed.

Example

According to Jones, binge drinking is a serious problem.

Works Cited

Jones, Sherry Everett et al. "Binge Drinking among Undergraduate College Students in the United States: Implications for Other Substance Use." Journal of American College Health, vol. 50, no. 1, 2001, p. 33-38. ProQuest Central, search-proquest-com.lcc.idm.oclc.org/docview/213065738?accountid=1599. Accessed 25 Aug. 2017.

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Citing an Entire Work

When citing an entire work rather than part of a work, include the author's name in the text, not in the parenthetical reference:

Examples

Freeman Patterson provides a good example of a professional photographer's website.

Fuller's Julius Caesar examines the famous Roman's roles as soldier, scholar, and tyrant.

Works Cited

Freeman Patterson: Photographer / Writer. Edited by Freeman Patterson. 2006. www.freemanpatterson.com. Accessed 25 Aug. 2017.

Fuller, J.F.C. Julius Caesar: Man, Soldier, and Tyrant. Rutgers UP, 1965.

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Technology & Learning Center
400 N. Capitol Ave.
Lansing, MI 48933

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